There has been a collective sigh of disappointment by experts after the recent budget who opined that investors were irked at the absence of any action on LTCG.
After all the combined criticism for not abolishing the long term capital gains tax (LTCG), Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said her ministry will wait for one "normal year" before taking a decision on the cess.
She also clarified on the dividend distribution tax (DDT), that the liability was shifted to the investor's applicable rate from the company to reduce middle-class investors' tax outgo.
On the budget day, the stock market benchmark indices had tanked by over 2.5 per cent. Experts are of the view that investors were annoyed at the absence of any action on LTCG and the shift on DDT.
Speaking to opinion makers and analysts in Mumbai, the FM shared that the LTCG was introduced in 2018 and she could not make a reasonable assessment on it due to all the volatility in the market.
Ms Sitharaman said "Much before let us say I have burnt my fingers, I am told withdraw it. The reason why we didn't go that far on LTCG is because let us have an assessment at least one-year of a normal response to a tax. Lets us hope this year, after which we would take up considered view”.
Revenue Secretary Ajay Bhushan Pandey revealed that according to the government all kinds of incomes need to be taxed, and hence not levying it on a particular stream like LTCG will create arbitrage opportunities.
She had a thought-provoking verbal duel with veteran i-banker Hemendra Kothari and Motilal Oswal, the promoter of a brokerage house named after himself at the session over the two taxes.
Mr Oswal highlighted that the DDT move is pinching promoters dearly because they are anyways in high tax bracket and claimed that the overall outgo is going till 58 per cent.
"You (Oswal) are talking about one section, whereas we thought that we want to put money in the hands of the other section which is the retail," she said.
When Mr Oswal responded saying promoters may not declare dividends at all because of the tax liability, Ms Sitharaman had an remarkable retort. "Will the shareholders be tempted to go to the company which does not pay dividends?"
Later, she clarified at a press conference that a lot of thought was given to the issue of DDT. She claimed "The middle class will pay lesser than what they were paying. A middle-class shareholder will have more money now”.
Meanwhile, on concerns regarding an ambitious divestment target of Rs 2.10 lakh crore, Economic Affairs Secretary Atanu Chakraborty expressed his confidence in achieving the "reasonably decent" target. He said there are spillover transactions of BPCL and Concord, IDBI Bank and LIC on the financial side, which will guarantee that the money gets mopped up.
He added that there is also up to Rs 70,000 crore from minority stake sales in companies which the government will be collecting.
Mr Chakraborty also said that spectrum sale revenues on 5G or AGR receipts are not included in the Rs 1.33 lakh crore target from the communications front, exuding confidence that the ministry will be able to mop-up the figure.
He said routine spectrum license fee payments alone will deliver up to Rs 65,000 crore.
Meanwhile, Sitharaman lauded the "dynamism" of Reserve Bank in responding to the budgetary move by extending the restructuring scheme for small businesses, and also hailed the changes on cash reserve ratio against lending to certain sectors of the economy.
On the changes in the cooperative banking laws, she clarified that the powers of the registrar of cooperative societies at the state level have not gone down but explained that the monitoring of entities has gone up to restore credibility in banking.
She explained "If you are being called a 'bank', it will be only then that it will be regulated by the RBI so that the credibility of the banking functions in India are kept intact".